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Diplomatic Representation in the US
Ambassador: Girma Birru
Embassy: 3506 International Dr., NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone: 202-364-1200
FAX: 202-587-0195

US Diplomatic Representation:
Ambassador: Donald Booth
Embassy: Entoto Street, Addis Ababa
Mailing Address: P.O.Box 1014, Addis Ababa , Ethiopia
Telephone: 251/11/517-40-00
FAX: 251/11/517-40-01

Embassy and Consulate Web Sites for Ethiopian
Embassy of Ethiopia in Washington DC
US Embassy in Ethiopia
Embassy of Ethiopia in Ottawa, Canada



The United States established diplomatic relations with Ethiopia in 1903. Italy, which had neighboring possessions in Africa, invaded and occupied Ethiopia from 1935 until its expulsion in 1941 during World War II. The United States never publicly recognized Italian authority in Ethiopia. After Ethiopia's 1974 revolution, U.S.-Ethiopian relations began to cool due to the government's linkage with international communism and U.S. revulsion at its human rights abuses. Bilateral relations improved with the 1991 downfall of Ethiopia's regime.

The United States and the people of Ethiopia share a strong history as friends and partners. Today, the three pillars of the bilateral relationship are economic growth and development; democracy, governance, and human rights; and regional peace and security. The United States and Ethiopia work together to enhance food security, improve health services, strengthen education, promote trade, and expand development. The United States has welcomed Ethiopia's dedication to maintaining security in the region, including through peacekeeping missions in Sudan and South Sudan.

U.S. Assistance to Ethiopia

Ethiopia is prone to drought, and the United States has provided emergency resources to it in the form of food aid and humanitarian assistance. U.S. development assistance to Ethiopia is focused on reducing famine vulnerability, hunger, and poverty and emphasizes economic, governance, and social sector policy reforms. Some military training funds, including training in such issues as the laws of war and observance of human rights, also are provided but are explicitly limited to nonlethal assistance, training, and peacekeeping support at present.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Ethiopia is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. U.S. exports to Ethiopia include aircraft, wheat, machinery, low-value shipments and repaired products, and vegetables. U.S. imports from Ethiopia include coffee, niger seeds, returns, and apparel. The United States has signed a trade and investment framework agreement with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, of which Ethiopia is a member.

Ethiopia's Membership in International Organizations

Ethiopia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Ethiopia is an observer to the World Trade Organization.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia is Donald E. Booth; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Ethiopia maintains an embassy in the United States at 3506 International Drive, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-364-1200).

More information about Ethiopia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Ethiopia Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Ethiopia Page
U.S. Embassy: Ethiopia
USAID Ethiopia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Ethiopia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information


To obtain the latest Travel Advisory Information for Ethiopia check the U.S. State Department Consular Information Sheet.


Driving TBA
Currency (ETB) Birr
Electrical 220 Volts
Telephones Country Code 251, City Code, Addis Adaba 1+6D, Nazareth 2+6D, Dessie 3+6D, North Region 4+6D

Customs: A valid Ethiopian visa is required for entry. Evidence of yellow fever immunization is required if entering from an area where it is endemic.

Climate and clothing: Lightweight woolens and light wraps are appropriate year round. Umbrellas and lined raincoats are necessary in February and March and from June to September.

Medical facilities and some modern medicines are available in Addis Ababa. Take reasonable precautions regarding food and drink. Tapwater is not potable. The altitude in Addis Ababa can cause dizziness and adversely affects those with cardiopulmonary conditions or asthma. Health conditions in the countryside are poor. All immunizations, particularly for children, should be up to date before arrival in the country.

Telecommunications: Long-distance telephone and telegraph service is available to the large towns in Ethiopia, to the US, and to most European and many African countries. Addis Ababa is eight time zones ahead of eastern standard time.

Transportation: The most direct air routes from the US to Addis Ababa are via Frankfurt, London, Nairobi, Rome, or Athens. International airlines link Addis Ababa to Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Asia. Ethiopian Airlines also serves the interior. Municipal bus transportation is likely to be crowded, but taxis are available from the National Tourist Office at reasonable rates.


Tobacco..........................100 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 225 grams of tobacco

Liquor.............................1 litre of alcoholic beverage

Perfume..........................2 bottles or 500ml of perfume

Cameras.........................No restrictions

Film................................Reasonable for personal use

Gifts................................Duty free allowance

Currency.........................No restrictions

Agriculture items............Refer to consulate

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